Hemodynamic measurements using QRS gating may more accurately classify pulmonary hypertension in heart transplant candidates
Contributor: Elise Vo
We’re talking Group 2 PAH here. Diastolic pressure difference (DPD) [diastolic pulmonary artery pressure (dPAP) minus pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP)] identifies isolated post capillary pulmonary hypertension (Ipc-PH) (DPD ≤ 7 mmHg) in group 2 patients. A diastolic pressure difference of > 7 mmHg defines combined pre-post capillary pulmonary hypertension (Cpc-PH)). Prior to heart transplantation, classification of pulmonary hypertension as Ipc-PH or Cpc-PH is important. Unlike Ipc-PH, Cpc-PH is associated with increased morbidity and mortality related to right ventricular graft failure post heart transplant. Even in the hands of seasoned invasive hemodynamic practitioners, measurement of DPD may not be as straightforward as it seems. Those tracings move, and these pressure differences are small!