Article Commentary: “Long-Term Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollution Is a Risk Factor for Stroke”
Burton J. Tabaac, MD
A study in 2010, published in INTERSTROKE, detailed the risk factors for stroke in 22 countries. It was shown that 90% of all ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes can be attributed to 10 major risk factors, hypertension and current smoking being the most prominent.1 This current meta-analytical article, written by Scheers et al, analyzed the Pubmed citation database to quantify the pooled association between stroke incidence and mortality with long-term exposure to particulate matter. This meta-analysis suggests a statistically significant effect of recent particulate matter exposure and the risk of stroke.
The article incorporates 20 publications, including more than 10 million people, and more than 200,000 stroke events to reveal that the association between long-term particulate matter exposure and stroke event was positive in North America and Europe (but not statistically significant for the latter) and null in Asia. The authors are keen to differentiate recent and long-term exposure to particulate matter, as they are different pathophysiological concepts. The study focus regarding short-term exposure asks when strokes are most likely to occur, whereas the consideration pertaining to long-term exposure focuses on where people are at risk.