Frequency and Clinical Impact of Procedural Complications During Early Versus Late Endovascular Treatment in Acute Stroke
Tolga D. Dittrich, MD
Maslias E, Nannoni S, Ricciardi F, Bartolini B, Strambo D, Puccinelli F, Hajdu SD, Eskandari A, Saliou G, Michel P. Procedural Complications During Early Versus Late Endovascular Treatment in Acute Stroke: Frequency and Clinical Impact. Stroke. 2021;52:1079–1082.
The efficacy of endovascular treatment (EVT) for patients with acute ischemic stroke due to proximal vessel occlusion is well established. This holds for patients in the early (<6 hours after symptom onset) and radiologically preselected patients in the late time window (6-24 hours). Randomized controlled trials showed a reasonable overall safety profile, with a relatively wide range (2.4-7%) of reported intraprocedural cerebrovascular complications. These complications include embolization in the non-ischemic territory, arterial dissections, and perforations.
In their monocenter retrospective analysis of 695 stroke patients receiving EVT, Maslias and colleagues examined the incidence of intraprocedural complications and their implications for short-term outcomes in the early (N=493) and late time window (N=202). The overall proportion of patients with at least one intraprocedural complication was relatively high across both groups (16.2% in the early, 16.3% in the late window, Padj=0.90). This might be surprising given the intuitive concern of increased intraprocedural complication rates in the late time window (e.g., due to increased permeability of the vessel walls with longer-lasting ischemia). Still, the occurrence of intraprocedural complications was associated with a worse outcome, at least in the short term (i.e., within the first 24 hours), at comparable recanalization rates in the late time window.